Local views on state government preemption

ANN ARBOR—Statewide, 70 percent of Michigan's local government officials believe the state government is taking too much decision-making authority away from local governments, according to a new survey by University of Michigan researchers.

The data come from the Michigan Public Policy Survey, a biannual poll of Michigan's 1,856 local governments. The survey received a 71 percent response rate with results from 1,315 jurisdictions.

"State government preemption of local authority is an increasingly important topic across the country," said Tom Ivacko, program manager at the Center for Local, State and Urban Policy at U-M's Ford School of Public Policy. "The Center for Media and Democracy reports that in each year since 2011, state preemption efforts have increased—not just in Michigan, but all across the U.S."

Recent high-profile state-level bans on local laws include those on the minimum wage, use of plastic shopping bags and gun regulation.

Interestingly, though, these are among the issues Michigan's local government leaders are comfortable having state government lead, in general. Local officials were not averse to all forms of state authority over issues impacting local government. When presented with eight broad policy areas, a majority believe state government should have jurisdiction in four:

Local leaders do, however, believe local governments should take the lead in four other areas:

"Although the survey questions looked at broad areas rather than specific policy proposals, there appears to be widespread agreement about the proper division of state and local authority among officials from different jurisdiction types and sizes, and even across party lines," said Debra Horner, Michigan Public Policy Survey project manager.


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