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Oct. 28, 2005

 

Five U-M faculty elected as Fellows of AAAS

 

ANN ARBOR, Mich.—Five faculty members from the University of Michigan are among 376 newly elected Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

This year’s AAAS Fellows are announced in the AAAS News & Notes section of the journal Science today (Oct. 28). The Fellows also will be recognized for their contributions to science at the annual AAAS meeting in St. Louis in February.

The new U-M Fellows are:

Sushil Atreya, Ph.D., professor of atmospheric and space sciences. Atreya is honored for pioneering contributions to planetary atmosphere structure, mixing and gas chemistry throughout the solar system through the application of gas chromatography and mass spectroscopy. This research focuses on the chemical make-up and distribution of gases, elements, and isotopes on planets and moons, in order to gain insight into the nature of the building blocks of solar systems, evolution of atmospheres and possibly the origin of life.

Valerie Castle, M.D., Ravitz Foundation Professor of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases and Chair, Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases. Castle's accomplishments include documenting the role of NF- kappaB activation in chemotherapy and radiation resistance that occurs in patients with neuroblastoma, a type of cancer that arises in nerve cells and affects mostly infants and children. NF- kappaB is a protein that turns on and off many genes involved in growth and development and plays a role in a number of diseases. Castle also is investigating pharmacological approaches to treating neuroblastoma.

Dimitri Coucouvanis, Ph.D., Lawrence S. Bartell Collegiate Professor of Chemistry. The association lauds Coucouvanis for the systematic synthesis of structural and partially functional analogues for the iron-sulfur and iron-molybdenum-sulfur sites in the ferredoxins and nitrogenase Research on ferredoxins is aimed at understanding the function of these proteins, which are important in biological processes in all forms of life—from bacteria to mammals. His nitrogenase research focuses on a portion of the enzyme responsible for converting atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia, which is essential to life. Better understanding of this process in nature could lead to advancements in the availability of ammonia as a fertilizer.

James S. Jackson, Ph.D., Daniel Katz Distinguished University Professor of Psychology and director, Institute for Social Research. Jackson is cited for outstanding research contributions to understanding the role of race, culture and ethnicity in the nature and expression of complex social behaviors and physical and mental health.

Youxue Zhang, Ph.D., professor of geological sciences. Zhang was selected for making exceptional advances in a wide range of geological frontiers, including the origin and evolution of the Earth, explosive volcanism and gas-driven lake eruptions.

The tradition of AAAS Fellows began in 1874. Currently, members can be considered for the rank of Fellow if nominated by the steering groups of the association's 24 sections, or by any three Fellows who are current AAAS members (so long as two of the three sponsors are not affiliated with the nominee's institution) or by the AAAS chief executive officer. Each steering group then reviews the nominations of individuals within its respective section and a final list is forwarded to the AAAS Council—the organization's policy-making board—which votes on the entire list.

Founded in 1848, AAAS is the world’s largest general scientific society and publisher of the journal Science.

 

For more information:

Sushil Atreya

Valerie Castle

Dimitri Coucouvanis

James S. Jackson

Youxue Zhang

AAAS  

 

Contact: Nancy Ross-Flanigan
Phone: (734) 647-1853

or

Contact: Lonnie Shekhtman
Phone: (202) 326-6434