Code of Conduct for University of Michigan Licensees:

February 16, 2001

Forced Labor. Licensees shall not use (or purchase materials that are produced using) any form of forced labor, whether in the form of prison labor, indentured labor, bonded labor, or otherwise.

Child Labor. Licensees shall not employ any person at an age younger than 15 (or 14, where, consistent with International Labor Organization practices for developing countries, the law of the country of manufacture allows such exception.) Where the age for completing compulsory education is higher than the standard for the minimum age of employment stated above, the higher age for completing compulsory education shall apply to this section. Licensees agree to consult with governmental, human rights, and non-governmental organizations, and to take reasonable steps to minimize the negative impact on children released from employment as a result of implementation or enforcement of the Code.

Harassment or Abuse. Every employee shall be treated with dignity and respect. No employee shall be subject to any physical, sexual, psychological or verbal harassment or abuse. Licensees will not use or tolerate any form of corporal punishment.

Nondiscrimination. No person shall be subject to any discrimination in employment, including hiring, salary, benefits, advancement, discipline, termination or retirement, on the basis of gender, race, marital status, reproductive or familial situation, religion, age, disability, sexual orientation, nationality, political opinion, or social or ethnic origin.

Health and Safety. Licensees shall provide a safe and healthy working environment to prevent accidents and injury to health, including reproductive health, arising out of, linked with, or occurring in the course of work or as a result of the operation of Licensee facilities.

Women's Rights. Women's rights are included in the previous sections of this Code of Conduct. Without restricting the generality of the foregoing and for purposes of greater clarity and specificity, licensees shall abide by the following conditions:

Female workers shall have the same work opportunities as men, without arbitrary restriction on the types of jobs or special limits on hours of work;
Licensees shall not use criteria related to marital or reproductive status (for example, pregnancy tests, the use of contraception, fertility status) as conditions of employment;
New mothers shall be entitled to leaves of absence (with the right to return to work) for childbirth and recovery from childbirth.

Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining. Licensees shall recognize and respect the right of employees to freedom of association and collective bargaining. No employee shall be subject to harassment, intimidation or retaliation for her/his efforts to freely associate or bargain collectively. Licensees shall allow union organizers access to employees. Licensees shall recognize the union of the employee's choice.

Hours of Work and Overtime. Licensees shall comply with applicable laws and industry standards on working hours. In any event, personnel shall not, on a regular basis, be required to work in excess of 48 hours per week and shall be provided with at least one day off in every seven-day period. Mandatory overtime shall be limited to extraordinary and short-term business circumstances and the policy concerning mandatory overtime shall be explained to employees before they are hired. Regular working hours plus mandatory overtime shall not exceed 60 hours per week. All overtime shall be remunerated at an appropriate premium rate.

Compensation. Licensees recognize that wages are the principal means of meeting the basic needs of employees and their families, and therefore commit themselves to a wage goal that enables employees to satisfy these needs. Licensees shall ensure that wages and benefits for a standard working week meet at least legal minimum standards and industry averages, whichever is greater, and that net compensation is at least sufficient to meet the worker's basic needs. Compensation standards will be adjusted periodically based on experience and increased knowledge concerning local labor markets and living conditions.

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